Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe

Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe
Offener Zugang

ISSN: 2161-0932


Comparative study on the hematological profile in the Third Trimester in Multiple and Singleton pregnancies in Two Regions of Cameroon.

Wilfried Loic Meukem Tatsipie

Objectives: We aimed in this study to elaborate data on the epidemiological, hemoglobin and clinical profiles, factors associated with anemia and evaluate nutritional habits of pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy in multiple and singleton pregnancies in two regions, Cameroon.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study assessment with 317 women in third trimester. Anemia was diagnosed using HEMOCUE® HB 301 after withdrawal of a sample of capillary blood and hemoglobin concentration<11 g/dl was classified as anemic in the third trimester of pregnancy according to the WHO criteria. A structured questionnaire was used as a tool to collect sociodemographic characteristics, individual's obstetrical and medical histories and the results of the hemoglobin levels noted.

Results: The prevalence of anemia in pregnancy was higher in the Mutengene Baptist Hospital (34.7%) in the South West region than in Mboppi Baptist Hospital (32.9%) in the Littoral region. Prevalence of anemia was higher in women with multiple gestations 50% than in women with singleton gestations 31.6%. Singleton gestation, good adherence to antianemic prophylaxis and more likely fruit diet were found to be factors protective of pregnant women to developing anemia. Origin from the North West region, average adherence and presence of other medical conditions were risk factors to anemia.

Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia during pregnancy remains high. A better approach of mostly multiple gestants is necessary to manage anemia by consuming a diet rich in vegetables and especially fruits.

Keywords: Anemia; Hemoglobin; Multiple; Singleton Pregnancies