Angewandte Mikrobiologie: Offener Zugang
Offener Zugang

ISSN: 2471-9315


Effect of GPD2 and PDC6 Deletion on Isobutanol Titer in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae

Aili Zhang, Yuhan Gao, Jingzhi Li and Hongxing Jin

Objectives: Isobutanol is regarded as a next-generation biofuel for its higher octane number and higher energy density than ethanol. However, during isobutanol biosynthesis, ethanol and glycerol are major unwanted byproducts. In order to improve isobutanol production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we used molecular biology and genetic recombination technologies to eliminate ethanol and glycerol titers.

Methods: In this study, GPD2 and PDC6 were deleted to increase isobutanol production in microaerobic fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Engineered strain HZAL–13 (PGK1p–BAT2 gpd2Δ::RYUR) was constructed by overexpressing of BAT2 (which encodes a branched-chain amino-acid aminotransferase) and deleting GPD2 (which encodes glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase). Engineered strain HZAL–14 (PGK1p–BAT2 pdc6Δ::R gpd2Δ::RYUR) was obtained by further deleting PDC6 (which encodes pyruvate decarboxylase) in HZAL– 13 pILV2. Then we tested the fermentation performances of engineered strains and control strain. During microaerobic fermentation, cultures were performed at 30°C in the unbaffled shake flasks kept at constant stirring speed of 100 rev/min with 100 ml medium for 48 hours.

Results: The maximum isobutanol titers of control strain, HZAL–13 pILV2 and HZAL–14 pILV2 were 29.8 mg/l, 162.3 mg/l and 309.3 mg/l, respectively. These results demonstrate that decreasing glycerol formation and ethanol biosynthesis in combination through deletion of PDC6 and GPD2 could increase dramatically the isobutanol titer in S. cerevisiae.

Conclusion: Overexpression of related genes in isobutanol biosynthesis pathway and deletion of key genes that encode glycerol and ethanol biosynthesis is a promising strategy to increase isobutanol titer in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.