Pädiatrie und Therapeutik

Pädiatrie und Therapeutik
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ISSN: 2161-0665


Fulminant Pseudomembranous Colitis and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

Claudia Sánchez-Villares Lorenzo, Sheila Fernández Luis, Jose Manuel Sánchez Granados, Olga Serrano Ayestarán, Pedro Gómez de Quero Masía and Elvira González Salas

Patients with cystic fibrosis have higher rates of Clostridium difficile colonization than the general population. However, complicated forms of presentation are rare. We present a case of pseudomembranous fulminant pancolitis with abdominal compartment syndrome in a 9-year-old boy with cystic fibrosis.

Conclusion: The incidence of Clostridium difficile infection is higher in patients with cystic fibrosis. Although it is rare, fulminant colitis can be associated with abdominal compartment syndrome. This is the only reported case of fulminant Clostridium difficile colitis associated with abdominal compartment syndrome in children who survived without total colectomy.