Annalen und Essenzen der Zahnheilkunde

Annalen und Essenzen der Zahnheilkunde
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ISSN: 0975-8798, 0976-156X


Gingivitis: An Inflammation of the Gums Caused by Bacterial Infection

Jerem Smith*

Gingivitis is a non-destructive periodontal disease that produces gum inflammation. Plaque-induced gingivitis is the most prevalent form of gingivitis, and the most frequent form of periodontal disease in general, caused by bacterial biofilms adhered to tooth surfaces. The majority of cases of gingivitis are caused by plaque. Periodontitis is invariably preceded by gingivitis, even if some cases of gingivitis never progress to periodontitis. Gingivitis symptoms are nonspecific and express themselves in the gum tissue as the traditional indicators of inflammation. When the gum tissue becomes swollen and stretched over the inflamed underlying connective tissue, the stippling that is ordinarily present in the gum tissue of certain people disappears. It's also possible that the buildup will emit an unpleasant stench. When the gingiva swell, the epithelial lining of the gingival fissure becomes ulcerated, and even light brushing, and especially flossing, causes the gums to bleed more easily.