Entomologie, Ornithologie und Herpetologie: Aktuelle Forschung

Entomologie, Ornithologie und Herpetologie: Aktuelle Forschung
Offener Zugang

ISSN: 2161-0983


Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis and Its Economical Loss Due to Liver Condemnation at Bishoftu Municipal Abattior, Ethiopia

Atinafu Regasa, Girma Chalchisa

Fasciolosis is a major parasitic disease that constraints the livestock production and cause great economic loss due to liver condemnation caused by fasciolosis in abattoirs. A cross sectional study was conducted from March, 2022 to August, 2022 to determine the prevalence of liver fluke of cattle which were presented for slaughtered at Bishoftu municipal abattoir and to assess the direct economic loss due to liver condemnation caused by fasciolosis at this abattoirs. The study was based on post-mortem inspection of livers of slaughtered animals at Bishoftu municipal abattoirs. Out of 384 examined cattle livers, 85 (22.1%) were found to be positive for fasciolosis. From of the total 85 (22.1%) fasciola positive liver, the prevalence of Fasciola hepatica was 15.88% and Fasciola gigantica was 6.25%. However, the difference was not statically significant (P>0.05). There was significant association among different body conditions for the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis with the highest prevalence in poor body condition group was higher (27.4%) than the animals with medium body condition (25.8%) and good body condition (14.4%). The prevalence of bovine fasciolosis based on breed, age and origin were statically insignificant (P>0.05) though higher in local breed (22.5%) than cross breed (16.7%) and exotic breed (0%) as well as higher in adult (24.2%) than old (20.3%) and higher in Hararghe (34.4%) followed by Arsi (25.6%), Bale (18.9%), Adama (17.2%) and lower in Modjo (17.0%). The total annual economic loss of abattoir due to liver condemnation which resulted in, 541,450 ETB. The present study confirmed that bovine fasciolosis was found prevalent and affecting the health and productivity of animals as well as causing direct economic loss in study area. Control of intermediate host snail by biological control or chemical (molluscides), strategic anthelmintic treatment or management practice such as draining, fencing, proper watering and zero grazing in the area which animal come from is recommended.