Zeitschrift für Depression und Angst

Zeitschrift für Depression und Angst
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ISSN: 2167-1044


Structural Associations between Cognitive Beliefs and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms

Majid Pourfaraj Omran

Background and objectives: According to the cognitive model, OCD is characterized by maladaptive beliefs. The aim of present investigation was study structural associations between cognitive beliefs include thought action fusion (TAF), responsibility and the overestimation of threat (RT), importance and control of thoughts (ICT), perfectionism and intolerance of uncertainty (PC) and obsessive-compulsive symptoms include cleaning, checking, hoarding and order.

Methods: Three hundred sixty seven students was selected by cluster randomize sampling from Mazandaran University of Iran and accomplished obsessive beliefs questionnaire(OBQ) and thought action fusion scale(TAFS) and obsessive and compulsive inventory revised (OCI-R). The fitness of proposed models was analyzed by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM).

Results: The finding showed fitness of a model that TAF have direct relation with RT and RT have direct relation with cleaning and checking and indirect relation from ICT and PC with cleaning, checking and order. In sum, these beliefs are more related to obsessive checking and cleaning than obsessive order and hoarding.

Conclusion: The results of this study show that TAF by other cognitive beliefs related with OCD symptoms and also RT as important mediator variable and also directly have relationship with cleaning and checking symptoms. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed, as well as presented suggestions for future research.